Paradigm

From Regenerative Knowledge Commons


Paradigm
Pattern icon.png
The concept of Paradigm
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Offspring:
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Communities of Practice:
Curator(s): Mario Yanez
Links:
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What is a Pattern

Pattern pages are used for working with RKC patterns. Patterns can be added by referencing them from the Pattern tab of Person, Social-Entity, Community of Place, or Community of Practice pages.

The Main section contains:

  • a few required fields, such as a ordering structure and usage mode, brief description, parent/sibling/offspring of Pattern and page curator(s);
  • optionally, one has the ability to display relevant images, give a full name, and longer description;
  • and, lastly, a summary of key relations which have a pattern on their "playlist" are provided here as well.
Pattern page for Paradigm pattern
Term paradigm is taken from Thomas Kuhn (The Structure of Scientific Revolutions), developed and redefined by Edgar Morin[1] and translated into English by Mario Yanez.

Essence

A paradigm contains, for any discourse under its rule, the fundamental concepts or master categories of intelligibility (conjunction, disjunction, implication or others) between these concepts or categories.

In this way, individuals know, think and act according to the paradigms culturally inscribed in them.

Definition

This definition of the paradigm is semantic, logical and ideo-logical. Semantically, the paradigm determines intelligibility and gives meaning. Logically, it determines the master logical operations. Ideo-logically, it is the first principle of association, elimination, selection that determines the conditions of organization of ideas. By virtue of this threefold generative and organizational sense, the paradigm guides, governs and controls the organization of individual reasoning and the systems of ideas that obey it [emphasis added].

Example

Let us take an example: there are two dominant paradigms concerning the human/nature relationship. The first includes the human in the natural, and any discourse that obeys this paradigm makes man a natural being and recognizes «human nature». The second paradigm prescribes the disjunction between these two terms and determines what is specific in man by excluding the idea of nature. These two opposing paradigms have one commonality: that they each obey still deeper paradigm, which is the simplification paradigm and that, in the face of any conceptual complexity, prescribes either the reduction (from human to natural), or the disjunction (between the human and the natural), which prevents conceiving the uniduality (natural and cultural, cerebral and psychic) of human reality, and also prevents conceiving the simultaneous relation of entanglement and separation between man and nature. Only a complex dialogic paradigm of entanglement/distinction/conjunction would allow such a conception.

Description

The nature of a paradigm can be defined as follows:

1.    Promotion/selection of the guiding categories of intelligibility. Thus, the Order in deterministic conceptions, the Matter in materialist conceptions, the Spirit in spiritualistic conceptions, the Structure in structuralist conceptions, etc., are the selected and selecting guiding concepts, that exclude or subordinate antinomic concepts to them (disorder or chance, spirit, matter, event).

2.    The determination of guiding logical operations. Thus, the simplifying paradigm concerning Order or Man proceeds by disjunction and exclusion (from disorder for one, from nature for the other). •

For this aspect, the paradigm seems to depend on logic (exclusion-inclusion, disjunction-conjunction, implication-negation). But in reality, it is hidden under its logic and the paradigm selects the logical operations that become both preponderant, relevant and evident under its command. It is the paradigm, which prescribes the cognitive utilization of disjunction or conjunction. It is this that grants privilege to certain logical operations at the expense of others, and this that gives validity and universality to the logic it has chosen. For this very reason, the paradigm gives discourses and theories over which it asserts control, the characteristics of necessity and truth.

Thus, the paradigm operates the selection, determination and control of conceptualization, categorization, logic. It designates the fundamental categories of intelligibility and controls their use. From it, the hierarchies, classes, conceptual series are determined. From it, the rules of inference are determined. In this way, not only do these find themselves into the nucleus of any system of ideas and any discourse, but also of all cogitation.

They are situated, in fact, in the computistic/cognitivistic nucleus[2] of thinking operations, which almost simultaneously engage:

—    prelogical characteristics of dissociation, association, rejection, unification;

—    logical characteristics of disjunction/conjunction, exclusion/inclusion, which concern guiding concepts;

—    prelinguistic and presemantic characters that elaborate the discourse condemned by the paradigm.

Classical science was founded on the paradigm of simplification that led to privilege the procedures of reduction, exclusion and disjunction and to consider all complexity as superficial facade and confusion to be dissolved.

Ordering & Usage

Ordering Structures Usage Modes
  • Frameworks (framework-interaction-term)
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Associations

Persons: -none-
Initiatives: -none-

Resolution of Forces & Use Cases



Utilization & More

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About Utilization Tab...

The Utilization tab shows which Processes--case study, story, journey, curriculum, research study, etc--this Pattern is applied in.


Interventions expressing Paradigm pattern:

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About Process Tab...

Process Patterns tab is meant as a staging area for listing/creating Patterns that make part of this Process Pattern.


Patterns associated to Paradigm Process Pattern:

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About Narratives Tab...

The Narratives tab allows for various types of narrative about the Pattern, any relevant research, a review about its use, etc.


Narrative elements created from Paradigm:


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About Essence Tab...

The Essence tab allows for anyone in RKC to comment on what makes a pattern unique along three different dimensions:
   Aliveness: What energizes this being that really makes it come alive, beyond the functional of everyday existence.
   Offering: The unique value a pattern offers in order to bring a higher-order of viability and vitality to, or evolve a particular system they are working to transform (this is context specific).
   Potential: A tendency in a being that this pattern is continually striving to manifest into existence.
Over time, this feature can offer deeper insights to what each pattern brings to this co-creative space.


No results


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  1. Morin (1991). El Método 4: Las Ideas., pp. 216-244.
  2. Morin (1986). El Método 3: El Conocimiento del Conocimiento, pp. 127-138.